The lack of Purified water intended for agricultural use, water is becoming a worldwide problem.
And not only in the arid areas.
At the same time, there is the natural desire of every person, for a green environment and for gardening that symbolizes culture and civilization.
Along with the need to improve the climate and the calming factor in the green garden.
In most cases, gardening is the creation of an artificial environment in which all the processes and principles of an ecosystem function are happening, so the attitude must be ecological.
Make your garden environmentally friendly and long-term.
Here are some tips, which will help you maintain a water-efficient ecological garden!
Ecological garden tips
Planning and design of an Ecological garden
Proper planning is the key to eco-friendly water-saving gardening that will fit the climate and the environment.
the allocation of water and the ability to maintain the garden physically and financially, and the wishes of the garden owner to maintain a garden for a long time.
understanding your soil
Soil study and The understanding of the mechanical and chemical composition of the soil and its depth.
it’s important to determining whether water permeability and
water pressure should be improved.
and the conditions for a deep and extensive root system, and the nutrients, and if so, how.
Knowledge of the mechanical components is especially important when soil from another source is added to the existing local soil.
in order to create one substrate as possible for the roots of the plants.
The basic rules for irrigation according to the water needs of the plant
irrigation according to the water needs of the plant: Providing a measured amount of water to a defined area in which they are consumed.
-the Irrigation will be made after the preparation of an operating system to determine the quantities of water per unit of the measurement area.
according to the types of plants within it in their various stages of development.
Irrigation will be made according to the plant type, location, season and type of soil.
– Macro-climatic conditions and micro-climates, affect the water needs of plants.
The irrigation should be criticized according to plant growth and behavior.
Effective irrigation system
The irrigation system must be planned and operated according to the basic rules of the previous section.
accordingly (sprinklers, sprayer, drippers) will be selected and placed.
you need an Accurate quantitative measurement of actual water you used compared to what you planned, even when you watering based on a time clock.
This is the only way we will be able to inspect possible faults in planning, plumbing, and identification of stress situations for plants.
The irrigation must be adjusted according to your soil.
Collecting water runoff
The topography should be designed and the garden infrastructure should be prepared to absorb the maximum of the runoff water within the garden area.
runoff water From rains and irrigation that drop on opaque surfaces.
instead, the water will be wasted on the drainage systems on their way to the sea, they will enrich the groundwater and increase the reserve of water in the soil for the plants.
You can also collect water in a pool or with a rain barrel, and using them to irrigate your garden in the summer.
in addition, use water sources like shower water, sinks, and washing machines.
but you need to check the water’s effect on your plants and soil.
Reduce lawn space and diluting plants with high water needs and high maintenances
The lawn is the largest water consumer in the garden, because of the high consumption per unit area, and the wide part it covers.
It is advisable to strive to plan lawn only for areas where it is needed for the convenience of their family.
The other areas of the garden, we will plan other water-saving solutions such as flooring, bushes and more.
in addition, It is advisable to reduce the use of plants with high water needs and high maintenance requirements.
Choosing suitable plants for Ecological garden
Choose plants with low water needs and low maintenance.
That match to the climate and the garden soil, And plant them in the garden position, that’s right for them.
lack of suitability will cause the plant to be overly sensitive to diseases and pests.
to clarify, A sick plant, needs more care and maintenance, more watering and more nutrients.
Plants that are sensitive to diseases and pests will be replaced by resistant plants, thus avoiding the need for pesticides.
Choose plants that cover the area and prevent the spread of weeds.
It is recommended to choose plants that used for living or food for animals that important to the food chain.
such as butterflies, bees and birds. that also enrich the garden experience.
It is very important to take care of the soil garden.
Of course, organic feed is better, it enriches and improves the soil over time.
And therefore encourages the development of roots close to the ground.
As a result, the absorption of water and minerals is better.
In addition, the soil microorganisms are enriched, and the water and gas penetration is better.
As a result, water runoff and soil erosion are reduced.
as a result, more water available to plants and less bad weeds.
garden Proper maintenance
Maintenance of the garden will be done according to an annual plan, which is seasonally detailed for each plant according to the soil area.
– bad weed control. immediately treatment of every bad weed appearance before seed production.
– in addition, feed with the best food for the plant, which will prevent over-growth that requires unnecessary pruning and causes hypersensitivity to the plant diseases and pests.
– Planting with the right space between plants, so that each plant will receive its proper place, without needing to add unnecessary water, nutrients, and pesticides.
– ensure proper irrigation system and proper maintenance.
Ecological garden tips conclusion
The maximum and Best use of these tips will create an ecological garden that maintains a friendly harmony between man and his environment.
At the same time, it will significantly reduce the daily investment in the garden, water billing and the cost of maintenance.
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