Installing an underground sprinkler system desires some work, but it makes watering the yard extremely easy.
Sprinkler system layout -Installing an underground sprinkler is a great way to save water and save money on irrigation. This lawn irrigation system can be a complicated do-it-yourself project, but the proper preparation and materials can be completed in a weekend or two.
If you are tired of dragging that previous field sprinkler around every few days, you’ll need to consider putting in your underground sprinkler system. By doing the duty yourself, you’ll be able to save thirty to forty % of the value of professional installation, and today’s sprinkler components are easier than ever to assemble. Once your system is in place, you’ll program it to water your field on an everyday schedule and set startup time and watering length. The garden centers in San Diego can give you the best suggestion for planting and farming.
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How much does it cost to install a sprinkler system?
A professionally installed system for a typical ¼-acre lot is $3,000 to $4,000. But you can DIY it for under $1,500. The heart of an underground system is pop-up sprinkler heads. An average 2500-square-foot (50-x-50-foot) ground, it’s around $1,500-$2,500, whereas a system for 5000 sq. feet (front and back yards) prices about$2,500-$3,500.
How long does it take to put in a sprinkler system?
The larger the lot, the longer it takes to install lawn sprinklers. However, a more significant area will sometimes take a minimum of 2 days to put in. Sometimes, during an installation process, a backflow device will need to be installed first before the system’s actual activation occurs.
- vibratory plow
- poly pipe cutter
- PVC valves
- PVC pipe
- and PVC connectors
how To decide if you need an underground irrigation system:
The type of grass in your lawn affects irrigation needs.
Some turfgrass varieties have higher water requirements than others.
Your soil type also affects the efficiency of irrigation. For example, sandy soils absorb water more quickly than clay.
An irrigation system gives you better control of your soil’s moisture content, but if you supply more water than the soil can absorb, runoff is the result.
Planning and purchasing the correct components are the keys to success. But don’t be discouraged. Most manufacturers of home irrigation systems have design and planning guides that simplify the job considerably.
Before installing a permanent irrigation system, you’ll need to:
See if your locality requires a building permit.
Check for underground utilities before digging. Before you begin any excavation (that means even digging a hole), you’ve got to call and check for underground utilities.
Research your local municipal watering ordinances.
Find out if your state/local regulations require a licensed professional installation.
To purchase the right components, you’ll also have to determine your own specific:
Determining Water Pressure
Water pressure is measured in pounds per area unit or psi. The average water pressure is around 30-50 psi. The pressure can be very widely from home to home. Determining your specific pressure is necessary for your irrigation plan to Keep in mind that sprinkler and drip systems won’t work correctly if the pressure is too low or too high. Most sprinkler systems work on AN optimum pressure of 30-50 psi, and most drip systems work best within the range of 20-40 psi. There are few ways in which to regulate the pressure to suit your irrigation desires. The primary step is to determine your water pressure.
There are two water pressure measurements, operating (when the water is turned on) and static (when the water is shut off). You’ll need your working water pressure number.
Checking your water pressure requires a pressure gauge. The gauge attaches to the outside faucet and provides a pressure reading in pounds per square inch (psi). Ensure all other water faucets (indoors and out) are turned off when you take the reading.
You can also get your water pressure from your native municipality; however, it’s probably an average for the neighborhood instead of for your home specifically.
Water pressure that is too high can cause sprinklers to mist or fog. You can buy a pressure regulator or individual pressure reducing valves to repair this case Pressure reducing valves can restrain the water force to a property level. Pressure-reducing valves also will cut back the damage to your instrument. You may wish to contact a plumber if your water pressure is very high, as this could be harmful to your interior plumbing fixtures too.
Some rotors go together with check valves that can accommodate heavy water pressure. Water pressure that’s too low is additionally a tangle for a sprinkler system. To fix low pressure, you’ll be able to install a lift pump in your main irrigation line. A boost pump can increase the pressure enough to run your rotors and good pressure sprinkler heads. A switch called a pump starts to relay to your sprinkler circuits that require high pressure to be efficient wire. A pump start relay can activate the pump only if the circuits are on. A drip circuit can typically work with low tide water pressure without the requirement for extra instrumentation.
Determining Water Meter Size
Start at the meter. It is usually near the curb buried in a meter box. A crucial step in coming up with an efficient irrigation system is determining the proportion of water you have obtained, its flow, and pressure.
If you’re on a municipal water system, you should find the size imprinted on the meter itself. If you can’t locate it, look at your utility bill or call your water provider. Water meters are 5/8-inch, 3/4-inch, or 1-inch.
If your water comes from a source other than a municipal system, such as a well, you’ll need the pump size. Look in the owner’s manual or, if necessary, contact the manufacturer.
Draw a diagram of your lawn and garden areas you wish to irrigate. This will enable you to plan the routing of pipelines and placement of sprinkler heads so you can purchase your materials.
Place a stake or flag at every sprinkler location as indicated on your layout. Use string to show where the pipe will run.
Ensure you know where all gas lines, power lines, and cable TV lines are before you start to dig. Be sure to call your utility companies if you need help.
Have the utility company mark the location of buried cables in the yard. Calculate the yard’s size with a tape measure to measure the water pressure and confirm the sprinklers’ coverage. Then take a piece of paper and write all kinds and every location of the sprinkler heads. Spot the yard with flags where the sprinklers will go.
The easiest way to provide water for an irrigation system is to attach to AN existing spigot. The additional professional method involves tapping into the main water-service line. Both ways need installing AN anti-siphon valve that prevents brackish water, field chemicals, and fertilizers from coming into the main water system.
Use an axe or grubbing hoe to chop the turf, taking care to line it aside in clumps. Therefore, it may be replaced once you are finished. Use a trenching shovel to dig the ditch a minimum of six inches (15.2 cm) below your space’s frost level. The ditch should be a minimum of twelve inches (30.5 cm) deep to protect the pipe even in heat climates.
Dig trenches following the string. Then Mark the sprinkler locations with flags on stakes. Typical trench depths range from six to twelve inches.
To run pipe underneath the walkways, you need to “drill” using the water pressure. Get a bit of PVC long enough to go under the walk, glue a slip-female thread adapter to 1 end and connect a hose. On the other end, glue a slip-male thread adapter and hook up with a Jet Spray Nozzle (it’s on the market at the most home improvement and home & garden retailers).
Dig your trench up to the walk on either side. Currently, activate the water and work your way through. It may take a while, and it will get muddy, so turn off the water once in a while to let the water soak in.
The best to make trenching easier is to ask your local tool rental provider about a “power trencher.” If you are using a Poly Pipe, ask him about a pipe pulling machine, bury the pipe without digging up your lawn. Be sure to place enough area between valves on the manifold to be removed just in case they ever need to get replaced.
Install the Valve Manifold
Dig a hole slightly larger than the valve manifold box. Place the box on the ground. Attach one end of the valve manifold assembly to the main water supply line. Tighten the clamps to secure it.
Run the PVC Pipe
Connect 3/4″ PVC pipe to the open end of the valve manifold. Continue laying the pipe on the most trench Use “tee” connectors for pipes running off the line within
the location of every single flag, attach risers using 90-degree connectors. Once gluing sections along, certified to use the adhesive thinly and swimmingly.
Poly pipe is mainly used in colder climates. Poly pipe is more flexible and is less likely to be damaged by freezing. Most of the professional does not recommend using poly pipe for the mainline connecting pipe.
PVC cement is applied to the inside of the fitting and the outside of the pipe. You need to quickly insert pipe all over the way, giving a 1/4 turn to distribute the cement, and then you need to hold a few seconds.
Install the Sprinkler Heads
Select the proper sprinkler heads based on the irrigation needs of your lawn and your landscape. Before you attach the sprinkler heads, you need to flush water through your system to clean out any debris. Install the sprinkler heads onto the risers. Level the sprinkler heads with the soil level. Fill in the trenches and the holes with dirt and sod.
Turn on the water at the “shut-off” to supply your system, and then operate the valves manually to flush the system. Then Open each valve to wash the pipe with water and close it.
Refer to the valve instructions for manual operation. It would be best if you did this with each valve.
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Install the Controller
The timer controls the length and also the frequency of watering. Connect the wires consistent with the manufacturer’s specifications. Create a final connection to the main water service line
Be sure to write down which timer “station” runs in which zone and keep these notes near your timer.
Check to see if the system is working—Fine-tune all sprinkler heads to ensure even coverage.
Sprinkler System Layout Conclusion
Installing an underground sprinkler is a great way to conserve water and save money on irrigation. This lawn irrigation system can be a complicated do-it-yourself project, but the proper preparation and materials can be completed in a weekend or two.
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